Picture Credit: Mark Garlick/Science Photo Library
This year, the Nobel Prize for Physics went to Roger Penrose, and partially to Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez. All three were awarded because of their work in the astronomy category, specifically relating to their research on black holes. A black hole is an object in outer space where the gravity is so strong that nothing can escape it. Dr. Penrose received half of the $1.1 million prize, while Dr. Genzel and Dr. Ghez each received one-fourth.
Dr. Penrose is a mathematician who works at Oxford University and proved that black holes are real. Albert Einstein had first hypothesized that black holes could exist in theory but he could not prove it. Dr. Penrose was able to show that not only were black holes real, but that they are the end of life and the universe. Dr. Penrose also formulated a diagram, called Penrose diagram, which helps show time in space in an easier way. He had also invented a way of tiling a floor called Penrose Tiles, which if it went on forever would never repeat the same pattern.
The other winners, Dr. Genzel and Dr. Ghez, proved that an extremely large object (which could be a monster or beast) exists in the center of our Milky Way hovering over our galaxy and stars. Dr. Ghez is the fourth woman to ever win a Nobel Prize for Physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded from 1901 through 2020, and there have been 216 winners, including John Bardeen, the only person to win twice. Winning a Nobel Prize in any category is no easy feat. Every year, several nominees are selected including for the category of physics.
Physics is a physical science and explains the way things move and explains nature and the science of matter and energy. It is one of the most complex areas of science. The Nobel Prize for Physics is a prize which is awarded to a physician, scientist, mathematician, and other such occupation for making an important, relevant discovery which could help our society. This year’s winners have contributed discoveries that have certainly changed our understanding of outer space and the concept of black holes.